Israel was established as a result of a U.N. resolution to end the British Mandate. However, the Israeli government often ignores the U.N Resolution, condemning the Israeli settlements in the West Bank and endorsing the “two state solution”. However the harsh measures taken by Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu also represent a change in Israel’s political culture in the beginning of the 21st century. In the past, the Israel is the country that promoted the Jewishness of the state over and above its commitment to democratic values. At that time, Israel is described as Jewish State, it is over its status as a functional democracy. In this context, citizenship education is challenging. The globalization influences that causes the visible changes in Israeli policy regarding education. The neo-liberal policy discourses have redefined the aims and practices of the education system. Beside focusing on maintaining Israel’s economic viability in the global marketplace, it emphasizes the acceptance of diversity, human rights education and global awareness.