Goal: Global citizenship education aims to empower learners to engage and assume active roles both locally and globally to face and resolve global challenges and ultimately to become proactive contributors to a more just, peaceful, tolerant, inclusive, secure and sustainable world.


Competencies: Core competencies of global citizenship education include:

(1) knowledge and understanding of specific global issues and trends, and knowledge of and respect for key universal values (e.g., peace and human rights, diversity, justice, democracy, caring, non-discrimination, tolerance);

(2) cognitive skills for critical, creative and innovative thinking, problem-solving and decision-making;

(3) non-cognitive skills such as empathy, openness to experiences and other perspectives, interpersonal/communicative skills and aptitude for networking and interacting with people of different backgrounds and origins; and

(4) behavioural capacities to launch and engage in proactive actions.


Enabling/facilitating conditions: A political, societal, cultural or religious climate that is open to universal values is crucial for the promotion of the goals of global citizenship education. Effective implementation requires policy support and pedagogical guidance. The learning environment should promote links to communities (both local and global), and links for learners to real-life experiencesas alternative or complementary paths of learning.